Organised Crimes In A Globalised World: Implications For Social Studies Education

Enu Donald Bette, Odey Clarence Odey


Globalisation has compressed the entire universe into a global village. For actions and events in a given region trigger consequences and reactions in distant climes. The world has indeed been thrown into a global state of insecurity occasioned by the perpetration of organised crimes aided by technological advancement. The rate of renewed militancy in the Niger-Delta by the avengers groups and sustained terrorist attacks in Europe and across the globe have, more than ever before, thrown the world into a state of security uncertainty. The situation is enough to challenge social educators to take responsibility of radically spearheading moral and values reorientation at the basic level of education that will ensure the inculcation of values of love and peaceful coexistence.Data for the study was sourced from secondary materials. The study was carried out with a descriptive design. The authors in this paper are of the view that a properly-articulated Social Studies education programme with a sound pedagogical delivery method could be a potent instrument to reduce the menace of organised crimes especially kidnapping and militancy/terrorism across the globe.The study was anchored on the rational decision theory of crime.


Organised Crimes, Globalisation, Insecurity, Social Studies Education, Curriculum.



Chainey, S. &Ratcliffe, J. (2005).GIS and Crime Mapping.New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Cornish, D., & Clarke, R. (1987). Understanding crime displacement: An application of rational choice theory. Criminology, 25(4), 933-947.

Dada, S. O. (2016). Social Studies Education as a Panacea for National Security in Nigeria.International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews, 3 (2), 234 – 269.

Dania, P. O. &Eboh, R. N. (2013).Social studies education for national security. Prime Research on Education 3(6), 566- 569

Denga, D. I. (2004). The Eve of the 21st Century: Challenges and Strategies for a Smooth Entry. Calabar: Rapid Educational Press Limited.

Duru, E. J. C &Ogbonnaya, U. M. (2010).Globalization, International Security and National Security Challenges.Kogi Journal of Politics, 1(1), 1-9.

Enu, D. B. &Eba, M. B. (2014). Teaching for Democracy in Nigeria: A Paradigm Shift. Journal of Higher Education Studies; 4 (3), Canada.

Enu, D. B. &Effiom, V. N. (2012)Producing Responsible Citizenship in Nigeria for National Development through Social Studies.American Journal of Social Issues & Humanities; 2(5), 329-343, USA.

Enu, D. B. &Ugwu, U. (2011). Human Security and Sustainable Peace Building in Nigeria: The Niger Delta Perspective. Journal of Sustainable Development 4,(1), 254-259, Canada.

Enu, D. B. (2005).New Challenges for Social Studies Curriculum Content in a Globalised Social System.Journal of World Council for Curriculum and Instruction; 5 (1 or 2).

Enu, D. B., &Esu, A. E. O (2011) Re-Engineering Values Education in Nigerian Schools as Catalyst for National Development. International Education Studies 4, (1)147-153, Canada.

Ering, S. O., Omono, C. E. &Oketa, C. M. (2013). Islamic Militancy and Global Insecurity: An Analysis of Boko-Haram Crisis in Northern Nigeria. Canadian Social Science, 9(5), 31 -36

Esu, A. E. O. & Enu, D. B. (2009).Values and Ethics in School Curriculum. In U M O Ivowi, Nwufo, K., Nwagbra, C., Ukwungwu, J., Emah, I. E. &Uya, G. (Eds). In Curriculum Theory and Practice: Curriculum Organization of Nigeria. 284-290

Fabusuyi, E.B. (1981). Methodology for teaching social studies in schools and colleges, in Nigeria (Pp. 254-262)

Fox News (2014). Nigeria says 219 girls in Boko Haram kidnapping still missing. Retrieved 12/08/2016

Macionis, G. (2010). Sociology 7th Canadian Ed. Toronto, Ontario: Pearson Canada Inc. p. 2.

Mezieobi, D. I. (2012). New Frontier Areas in Social Studies in Nigeria.OwerriAcadepeak Publishers.

NYA International (2016).Global kidnapping update, 2015. Retrieved from www.nyainternational .com

Osakwe, E. &Itedgere, P. (2009).Social Studies for Tertiary student in Nigeria. Enugu: New Age Publisher.

Ostebo, T. (2012).Islamic militancy in African.A publication of the Africa Centre for Strategic Studies, Florida, USA.

Perlberg, S. (2013). The 20 countries where people get kidnapped the most. Retrieved from on 02/06/2017

Rabbi, A. R. (2016). Militancy is global problem. Retrieved from

Raghavan, S. (2011).Inspired by Tunisia and Egypt, Yemenis join in Anti-government Protests. Washington Post, Thursday, January 27.

Ross, B. (2009). ''Kidnapping Capital of the U.S.A.". ABC News.Retrieved 2016-08-05.

Social Studies Association of Nigeria (SOSAN, 2006).Empowering Teachers to Create a Peaceful World.Journal of Social Studies Education 30 (1), 88 -115.

The Business Dictionary (2016).Crime. Retrieved on 7/07/2016 from www.businessdictionaiy/definition/crime

The Business Dictionary (2016).Crime. Retrieved on 7/07/2016 from www.businessdictionary/definition/organised crime

UNESCO (2009).Human Development Report.Oxford: Perfect Press.

United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.Organised crime. Retrieved from

Uzochukwu, M. (2016).Kidnapping in Nigeria: Analysis, Causes, Effects and Solutions. Retrieved from

Wallace, M. (2016): nigerian-kidnapping-focuses-world-attention-on-a-massive-global-issue. Retrieved on 10/07/2016

Williams, P. (2008). Violent Non-State Actors and National and International Security, International Relations and Security Network Series, Zurich: Swiss Institute of Technology. Retrieved March 16, 2009 from 9FE-AA15-32FC9434Alng=en

Full Text:


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

AJSIH ISSN: 2276 - 6928
AJSIH`s Index Copernicus Impact Factor, ICV, 2011 = 5.29
American Journal of Social Issues and Humanities - IndexCopernicus™ - Journals Master List

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'spam mail', 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders, then mark the message as not spam.