Partners, Institutions, Race, and Faith: An Examination of the Determinants of and Detractors to Success for Faith- Versus Community-Based Organizations

Schooley, Erik Schooley,

Abstract


This article examined the factors that served to enhance and detract from success comparing faith-based and community-based organizations providing domestic violence services through one of the Bush Administration’s faith-based initiatives. Content and pattern matching analysis of data from eight geographically comparative paired organizations identified four emergent themes: 1) community partners are a key to success, 2) institutional and systemic factors, 3) race and ethnicity issues, and 4) faith in God. Findings are compared to those of Brown (2012a), which examined organizational strengths and weaknesses through a quantitative examination of all of the organizations funded by the same program.


Keywords


Nonprofit, Faith-based, Community-based, Organizational Capacity

References


References

Bailey, K. D (1994). Methods of social research, 4th ed. New York, NY: The Free Press.

Bicknese, A. T (1999). The teen challenge drug treatment program in comparative perspective. Dissertation. Chicago, IL: Northwestern University.

Bishop, S. W (2007). Linking nonprofit capacity effectiveness in the new public management era: The case of community action agencies. State and Local Government Review 39(3): 144–152.

Black, A. E., Douglas K. L, and David R. K (2004). Of little faith: The politics of George W. Bush’s faith-based initiatives. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.

Boris, E. T (2001). Next steps for building capacity in nonprofit organizations. In: De Vita, C. J and Fleming, C (eds) Building Capacity in Nonprofit Organizations, Washington, DC: The Urban Institute, pp 85-91.

Brown, A (1980). Technical assistance to rural communities: Stopgap or capacity building? Public Administration Review 40(1): 18–23.

Brown, M (2012a). Enhancing and measuring organizational capacity: Assessing the results of the U.S. Department of Justice Rural Pilot Program Evaluation. Public Administration Review: 1–9.

Brown, M (2008b). Improving organizational capacity among faith- and community-based domestic violence service providers.” In: Joshi, P, Hawkins, S, and Novey, J (eds) Innovations in Effective Compassion, Washington, DC: Department of Health and Human Services.

Chavez, M (2004). Congregations in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

De Vita, C. J and Wilson, S (2001). Faith-based initiatives: Sacred deeds and secular dollars. Emerging Issues in Philanthropy Seminar Series. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute. http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/310351_philanthropy_5.pdf.

Dionne, E. J and Ming Hsu C (eds) (2001). Sacred places, civic purposes: Should

government help faith-based charity? Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.

Eikenberry, A. M and Brown, C. H (2010). An evaluation of the Omaha Community Foundation’s 2010 nonprofit capacity building initiative. Evaluation. Omaha,

NE: University of Nebraska at Omaha. http://omahafoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/OCF_NCB-Evaluation-Report.pdf.

Eisinger, P (2002). Organizational capacity and organizational effectiveness among street-level food assistance programs. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 31(1): 115–130.

Farnsley, A. E (2000). Finding help and advice at the school next door: Working with academic institutions. In: Queen, E. L (ed) Serving Those in Need: A Handbook for Faith Based Human Services Organizations, San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass: p 305.

Forbes, D. P (1998). Measuring the unmeasureable: Empirical studies of nonprofit organization effectiveness. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 27(1): 183–202.

Formicola, J. R, Mary S. C, and Weber, P (2003). Faith-based initiatives and the Bush administration: The good, the bad, and the ugly. Oxford, UK: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Glickman, N. J and Servon, L. J (1998). More than bricks and sticks: Five components of community development corporation capacity. Housing Policy Debate 9(3): 497–539.

Hayes, C. D and Bryant, E (2002). Sustaining comprehensive community initiatives:

Key elements for success. New York, NY: The Finance Project.

Herman, R. D and Renz, D. O (1998). Theses on nonprofit organizational effectiveness. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 28(1): 107–126.

Hudson, M (2005). Managing at the leading edge: New challenges in managing nonprofit organizations. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Innovations in Compassion (2008). The Faith-Based and Community Initiative: A Final

Report to the Armies of Compassion. Washington, DC: The White House. http://www.eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED504226.pdf

Johnson, J. B and Reynolds, H. T (2008). Political science research methods, 6th ed. Washington, DC: CQ Press.

Jones, M. L (2001). Sustainable organizational capacity building: Is organizational learning key? International Journal of Human Resource Management 12(1): 91–98.

Kaplan, A (2000). Capacity building: Shifting the paradigms of practice. Development in Practice 3(4): 517–526.

Kapucu, N., Healy, B. F, and Arslan, T (2011). Survival of the fittest: Capacity building for small nonprofit organizations. Evaluation and Program Planning 34(3): 236-246.

Kennedy, S.S and Bielefeld, W (2006). Charitable choice at work: Evaluating faith-based job programs in the states. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.

Kibbe, B. D (2004). Investing in nonprofit capacity. In: Kibbe, B. D (ed) Funding Effectiveness: Lessons in Building Nonprofit Effectiveness. San Francisco, CA: Jossey- Bass: p 176.

Klein, A., Brown, M., Small, M., Fischer, R., and Tucker, D (2009). Evaluation of the rural domestic violence and child victimization grant program special initiative: Faith-based and community organization pilot program. NCJ 225722. National Institute of Justice, Washington, DC: US Department of Justice.

http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/228192.pdf

Krippendorff, K. H (2004). Content analysis: An introduction to its methodology, 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Laurenceau, J., Stanley, S. M, Olmos-Gallo, A., Baucom, B., and Markman, H. J (2004).Community-based prevention of marital dysfunction: Multi-level modeling of a randomized effectiveness study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 72(6): 933–943.

Lemler, J. B (2000). Holding the mission in trust: Effective board leadership. In: Queen, E. L (ed) Serving Those in Need: A Handbook for Faith-Based Human Services Organizations. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass: p 305.

Light, P. C (2004). Sustaining nonprofit performance: The case for capacity building and the evidence to support it. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.

Linnell, D (2003). Evaluation of capacity building: Lessons from the field. Washington, DC: Alliance for Nonprofit Management.

Mann, P (1999). Can we make developmental training developmental? Public Administration and Development 19(1): 105–116.

McCarthy, J. and Castelli, J (1998). Religion sponsored social service providers: The not-so-independent sector. Washington, DC: The Aspen Institute.

http://housingministries.org/policyAssets/policy%20articles/Aspen,%20McCarthy-

Castelli,%20xxxx.pdf.

Monsma, S. V (2000). Deciding whether and when to seek government funds. In: Queen, E. L (ed) Serving Those in Need: A Handbook for Faith-Based Human Services Organizations.

San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass: p 305.———. 2004. Putting faith in partnerships: Welfare-to-work in four cities. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

Moreno-Riano, G (2006). The dynamics of faith-based policy initiatives. Journal of Markets & Morality 9(1): 129–135.

Neuendorf, K. A (2002). The content analysis guidebook. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

OFBNP (2011). Building Neighborhoods of Opportunity: White House Neighborhood Revitalization Initiative Report. Washington, DC: The White House.

http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/nri_pb_agencies_final_9.pdf.

Peters, G. and Woolley, J. T (2001). Executive order 13199 - establishment of White

House office of faith-based and community initiatives. The American Presidency Project

http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=61481#axzz1n3ZEoPSk.

Queen, E. L (2000). Working with foundations. In:Queen, E. L (ed) Serving Those in Need: A Handbook for Faith-Based Human Services Organizations. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass: p 305.

Robertson, S (2000). Funding the dream. In: Queen, E. L (ed) Serving Those in Need: A Handbook for Faith-Based Human Services Organizations. San Francisco, CA: Jossey- Bass: p 305.

Rush-Sisterhen, K. and Stalker, R (2006). Faith-based public policy: A defense. Journal of Markets & Morality 9(1): 137–145.

Ryan, G. W and Bernard, H. R (2000). Data management and analysis methods. In: Denzin, N. K and Lincoln, Y. S (eds) Handbook of Qualitative Research, 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications: p 1065.

Schorr, L., Sylvester, K., and Dunkle, M (1999). Strategies to achieve a common purpose: Tools for turning good ideas into good policies. Guide. Washington, DC http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/detailmini.jsp?_nfpb=true&_&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=ED467663&ERICExtSearch_SearchTyp0=no&accno=ED467663.

Tschirhart, M. and Knueve, E (2000). “Identifying the Organization’s Key Stakeholders.” In: Queen, E. L (ed) Serving Those in Need: A Handbook for Faith-Based Human Services Organizations. San Francisco, California: Jossey-Bass.

Twombley, E. C (2002). Religious versus secular human service organizations: Implications for public policy. Social Science Quarterly 83(4): 947–961.

United Nations Development Programme [UNDP] (2010). Capacity Development.

http://www.undp.org/capacity/ourapproach.shtml.

Wilson, S (2000). Election year proposals affecting charities: A prelude to future

legislation? Emerging Issues in Philanthropy Seminar Series. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute. http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/philanthropy_1.pdf Wineburg, B (2007). Faith-based inefficiency: The follies of Bush’s initiatives. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Wing, K. T (2004). Assessing the effectiveness of capacity building initiatives: Seven issues for the field. Nonprofit and Volunteer Sector Quarterly 33: 153–162.

Zietlow, J (2000). Developing financial accountability and controls. In: Queen, E. L (ed) Serving Those in Need: A Handbook for Faith-Based Human Services Organizations. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass: p 305.



Full Text:

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

AJSIH ISSN: 2276 - 6928
AJSIH`s Index Copernicus Impact Factor, ICV, 2011 = 5.29
American Journal of Social Issues and Humanities - IndexCopernicus™ - Journals Master List


To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'http://www.ajsih.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'spam mail', 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders, then mark the message as not spam.